HOW TO MAKE A BASEBALL CAP

Hi Sewlover!
Welcome to this week’s free tutorial:How to make a Baseball cap
I want to dedicate this tutorial to our valuable customer- Gwen Smale. Thank you so much for purchasing our products.
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Currently available  for download are:
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  3. Cutting breast padded bodice using the various methods of princess seam
  4. All sleeves tutorial and how to cut the perfect armhole
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  10. How to make a female pencil trousers/pants
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Now to the main event

What is a Base-ball cap?

As already mentioned in our patternmaking tutorial( Click here to purchase it), a Base-ball cap, also popularly known as just “Face-cap” here in Nigeria, is a type of soft cap with a rounded crown and a stiff peak projecting in front. The front of the cap typically contains designs or logos of sports teams (namely baseball teams, or names of relevant companies, when used as a commercial marketing technique). The back of the cap may be “fitted” to the wearer’s head size or it may have a plastic, Velcro, or elastic adjuster so that it can be quickly adjusted to fit different wearers. The baseball cap is a part of the traditional baseball uniform worn by players, with the brim pointing forward to shield the eyes from the sun. The cap is often seen in everyday casual wear.

 

Baseball caps are basically made of cotton. But the gear is made from different materials. They are made from acrylic/wool blends, cotton, cotton blends, wool, jersey mesh and other fabric material that is good at absorbing moisture. Fitted baseball caps, those without an adjuster, are normally sewn in six sections, and may be topped with a matching fabric-covered button (also called a squatchee) on the crown. Metal grommets or fabric eyelets are often sewn or attached near the top of each of the six sections of fabric to provide ventilation. In some cases, the rear sections of the crown are made of net-like mesh material for extra ventilation. The peak is typically stiffened by a sewn-in piece of paperboard or stiff plastic.

There are however various variation of a Baseball cap based on the purposed of use. The most common variation however is the “Trucker” or “Gimme” cap. This is made of soft wool but stiffened at the front with “Buckram” to display whatever logo made in front.

The ‘Trucker’ or ‘Gimme’ Cap is what I’m going to be showing us how to make using the below patterns.

 

See here to download the pattern-making tutorial

 

Requirements

 

  1. The Baseball (Trucker) cap Pattern: If you are a beginner, I’ll insist you purchase the pattern-tutorial from our shop, here).
  2. Fabric of choice: Your fabric of choice should be about half a yard.
  3. Net: Most trucker baseball caps require thick nets to be placed as panels at the sides and back. Your net should also be about half a yard.
  4. Velcro a.k.a Magic gum(optional): To make an adjuster at the back of your cap, you’ll need a velcro fastener or what is known in Nigeria as Magic gum.
  5. Interfacing: If you do not have stiff plastic,interfacing would have to suffice.
  6. Tailor chalk and ball pins.
  7. 20/120 size sewing machine needle: This is important because the weight of the brim and front panel after being attached to a stiff plastic or interfacing might too much for an ordinary sized needle to handle. Using ordinary sewing machine needle will result to stitch breakage.
  8. Measuring tape and scissors.
  9. Sewing machine.
  10. Pressing iron.
  11. Electricity.

 

Procedures

1. Cutting the Baseball cap pattern on your Fabric of choice and on the net: Place the patterns on fabric and cut them out (see how to make a baseball cap pattern.).

 

I wanted the first panel as well as the second panels on both the right and left side to be made from my fabric of choice while all others from the net.

 

I also duplicated the front panel, second panels(left and right) and brim to make up two pieces each for them. These pieces will serve as both a covering up and a covering down.
2. Attaching Interfacing or stiff plastic: If you look at most Trucker baseball caps, the front panel and the brim is usually thick and hard. This is because a stiff-plastic is usually attached to them to make them hard and solid enough to display a logo clearly.
So to replace a stiff-plastic, I used the hardest gum-stay I could find. You may want to use carbon paper or pieces from carton boxes or any other type of paper surface That is hard but I’d advise against that. This is because these paper surfaces do not last in water and would therefore rip apart if you do decide to wash your cap. Unlike other paper surface, gum-stay fairs better.
So place your gumstain on your sewing table, place the pieces of your brim, front panel and second panels(left/right), trace and cut. Duplicate these interfacing four times until they are hard enough.

 

 

3. Making the front dart: The front panel of a trucker baseball cap has a dart insertion at the top. So to insert a dart, fold your front panel into equal halves with both the interfacing and a covering underneath it. Then stitch the dart insertion together as shown in the photo below.

 

When done, your front panel will look like this wrong side up.

 

And like this(right side up).

 

4. Preparing the Brim: To prepare the brim, cut out 10 inches wide x  2.5 inches long fabric. This could be your fabric of choice or a fabric with a contrasting color if you want to add design and style to your cap.

Press iron 0.5 inches of both ends of the fabric to the wrong side.

 

And then fold the new ends over each other to form a thinner strand, like this:

 

Press iron again until a new line is formed at the middle of your strand.
This will serve as a bias for your brim.
Then open your bias and place it over the end of your brim to false-face it.

Remember that your brim should be made up of the top covering, 4 pieces of interfacing  in between and a covering underneath it all.

Brim with gumstain underneath

 

Brim with a covering underneath

Stitch around neatly and your brim now completely covered, will look like this:

 

 

5. Attaching The front panel and Brim: To attach the front panel and brim together, fold your brim into equal halves and nip the middle. Do the same for the front panel as well.

Then place the side of the brim you prefer as the back on top the front panel, ends over each other. Ensure that the nipped ends of each part tally. Pin down if you must and then stitch starting from where you nipped.

 

When done, your front panel and your brim now attached to each other will look like this:

 

6. Attaching the panels together: Attach your panels together.  Three on one side.  The other three at the other side. Ensure to match every seam to one side of panel.

 

 

 

 

 

You will notice in the photos above that we have four panels instead of three.  This is because I changed my mind in the course of making the cap, to gift it out. And the person I plan to gift the cap to, has a bigger size of head and it was already too late to make my panels bigger.  So to make the panels fit your size of head,  always make sure the total size of panels equals your size of head plus 2 inches for stitch and seam allowances.
 See how to make a standard size of a cap pattern or the one that fits your head here.
So when done,  attach both sides of the panels to each side of your cap by placing your panels wrong side up on the cap(which should be right side up)  as shown in the photo below
Stitch and then match to the panel side.

Repeat the process for the other side and then join the ends of the back panels,  stopping the opening at the back.

 

This will also be a nice time to close the round opening by using the left over pieces of the strand used in closing the ends of the brim.  Repeat the same process used to close the ends of the brim to close the round opening.

 

When done,  the opening at the back will look like this.

8. Attaching a band: if you look inside a cap,  you will find a band around it.  This is to protect the head against the rough edges of the brim seam and also to make the head fit properly around the head.  It also protects the face from sweat that may come as a result of wearing the cap for so long.  So to make the band, cut out from your left over fabric “your head circumference” a.k.a the size of your head x 5 inches.
Fold it into two equal halves.
`
Then place the ends on the bottom of your cap,  right side up and stitch around the cap.  When you get to brim,  push it aside and stitch the band over the seam to the other other side of the cap as shown below.
Then match the seam to the band.
When done,  your band in side your cap will look like this:

 

7.  Attaching the adjuster(optional) : This is optional for those who would rather have their caps completely closed at the back , to suit only their heads.  But for those who would rather have an adjuster so that the cap can suit anyone,  you could either use a plastic belt at the back or an adjuster made from velcro fastener, magic gum as it popularly known in Nigeria . Cut out from your left over fabric 5 inches wide x 5 inches long fabric.  Cut out another to have two.
Stitch the ends of each fabric together and turn them inside out to create a single strand each.

 

Then place your velcro fastener(opposite ends)  on both ends of your strands.

 

 

These will your adjuster

Place the ends at opposite sides of the back of cap.

Then place ends of your cap band over it and stitch.

9. Attaching a ‘Squatchee’: A squatchee is a button put at the crown(top)  of the cap;  the point of intersection.  I didn’t exactly have one but i had one of those fancy bag seaters from all those my bag tutorials(see here if you missed them) that look similar and replaceable.
It has a clipping end.  So all i had to do it is,  put the clips through the holes of my cap net at the crown and clipped them.
 
And you are done.
Your cap is complete.

 

You can add accessories,  patches or designs to your cap by hand stitching them to the front panel if you want.  However,  next time I make a cap , I plan to put my designs way before I join the front panel to the brim.  It’s more neater and less time consuming.
So I hope the tutorial was well-explained and easy to understand.  Don’t forget to click here to buy the pattern-making tutorial to be able to understand how to make baseball caps.
Further more,  if by chance you have any questions relating to this tutorial,  kindly leave them on the comment box below and I’ll do my best to respond to them.
Also don’t forget that our sew whatsapp community is still opened to those who will love to stay connected to other sew lovers in the world.  We have people all over the world in that platform sharing ideas and helping to solve one dilemna or the other relating to sewing.  So don’t be left out.  Join us today by simply visiting here.

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So once again,  thank you so much for joining me on today’s tutorial and see you next week for another free online tutorial. Don’t forget to click here to check out other free online tutorials, Kisses!

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HOW TO MAKE A BASEBALL CAP

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